Direct field measurements of surface albedo over monthly, seasonal, and annual periods for six candidate bioenergy crops, a reference maize crop, and a reference forest estimate the magnitudes and temporal changes of albedo in different cellulosic bioenergy crops over a 3-year period. Albedo differences among crops during the growing season were found to be statistically significant, with the conversion of reference forest and maize landscapes to perennials providing a cooling effect on the local climate. Therefore, variations in surface reflectivity can inherently drive the shifts in radiative forcing patterns and climate variability.


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Under Review

Chen, J., Robertson, G.P., Lei, C., Chu H., Sciusco, P., Li, X., Abraha, M., Wang, Y. (Submitted for review, Nov 2023) Underestimated Albedo-Induced Climate Cooling Benefits from Terrestrial Ecosystems. Environmental Research Letters.


Reed, D., Lei, C., Baule, W., Shirkey, G., Chen, J., Czajkowski, K. P., & Ouyang, Z. (Jan 2023). Impacts of an urban density gradient on land-surface thermodynamic fluxes across seasonal timescales. International Journal of Climatology.



Lei, C., Chen, J., & Robertston, G. P. (2023).  Climate cooling benefits of cellulosic bioenergy crops due to elevated albedo. Global Change Biology: Bioenergy.


Shirkey, G., John, R., Chen, J., Dahlin, K., Abraha, M., Sciusco, P., Lei, C., & Reed, D. E. (2022). Fine resolution remote sensing spectra improves estimates of gross primary production of croplands. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 326, 109175.

Ouyang, Z., Sciusco, P., Jiao, T., Feron, S., Lei, C., Li, F., ... & Chen, J. (2022). Albedo changes caused by future urbanization contribute to global warming. Nature Communications, 13(1), 1-9.

Sciusco, P., Chen, J., Giannico, V., Robertson, G.P., Abraha, M., Lei, C., Shirkey, G., Yuan, J. (2022). Albedo-induced global warming impact (GWI Δα) of an Upper Midwest USA watershed — A significantly undermined regulator in climate mitigations. Land, 11(2), 283.

Abraha, M., Chen, J., Hamilton, S. K., Sciusco, P., Lei, C., Shirkey, G., Yuan, J., Hamilton, S.K., & Robertson, G. P. (2021). Albedo-induced global warming impact of Conservation Reserve Program grasslands converted to annual and perennial bioenergy crops. Environmental Research Letters, 16(8),084059.

Lei, C., Abraha, M., Chen, J., & Su, YJ. (2021). Long term variability of root production in bioenergy systems using ingrowth cores and eddy covariance. Journal of Plant Ecology.

Chen, J., Lei, C., & Sciusco, P. (2021). Modeling Ecosystem Global Warming Potentials. In Chen J. (Author), Biophysical Models and Applications in Ecosystem Analysis (pp. 119-150). East Lansing: Michigan State University Press.

Dahlin, K. M., Akanga, D., Lombardozzi, D. L., Reed, D. E., Shirkey, G., Lei, C., Abraha, M. & Chen, J. (2020). Challenging a global land surface model in a local socio-environmental system. Land, 9(10), 398.

Sciusco, P., Chen, J., Abraha, M., Lei, C., Robertson, G.P., Lafortezza, R., Shirkey, G., Ouyang, Z., Zhang, R., & John, R. (2020). Spatiotemporal variations of albedo in managed agricultural landscapes: inferences to global warming impacts (GWI). Landscape Ecology, 35(6), 1385-1402.

Lei, C., & Zhu, L. (2018). Spatio-temporal variability of land use/land cover change (LULCC) within the Huron river: effects on stream flows. Climate Risk Management, 19, 35-47.

Scott-Smith, C., Oh, J.S., & Lei, C. (2015). Exploring the equity dimensions of US bicycle sharing systems (No. TRCLC 14-01). Western Michigan University. Transportation Research Center for Livable Communities.

In Preparation

Lei, C., Reich, P., Ibanez, I., Chen, J., Robertson, G. P., Sciusco, P., Lei, M., & Shirkey, G. (Final preparation). An Evaluation of Surface Reflectivity for Candidate Bioenergy Crops.

Lei, C., Chen, J., & Robertston, P. (Final preparation). Global warming impacts of converting forest into bioenergy croplands: Case study at the Kellogg Biological Station.

Lei, C., Sciusco, P., Chen, J., Robertson, G. P., Lindback, E., Lei, M., Shirkey, G., & Arrocha, I. (Final preparation). Temporal variations of albedo on bioenergy crops: Effects on global warming potential during three cultivation seasons.